Plantar fasciitis, heel spurs and foot trauma all cause pain and possible burning if your foot is stretched. Plantar fasciitis may be most noticeable when you first wake up and after long periods of rest. You can also feel pain in the heel and sometimes the arch if you press down with your thumb. Common sports activities that cause plantar fasciitis are running, dancing and jumping. A heel spur will feel like a bony protrusion on the heel, and it will cause irritation of the connective tissue. If your heel spur breaks off from its original location, you could lose range of motion. Treatment. To check for plantar fasciitis and related problems, a doctor or podiatrist will press on the bottom of the foot near the heel and feel for any damaged ligaments, inflamed tendons, and displaced bones or joints. The foot’s walking motions will also be checked for any incorrect movements. X-rays of the foot can help to diagnose a heel spur or any stress fractures in the foot. Treatment for Pain and Tenderness Under the Foot Treatment involves both reducing symptoms of plantar fasciitis and correcting the cause of the problem. Your doctor may prescribe pain relievers and anti-inflammatory medications. To reduce symptoms caused by poor foot mechanics the The inflammation caused by the heel spur can be relieved by placing a flaxseed heat pack over the affected area. Performing some stretching exercises like rolling a tennis or golf ball under your feet is also helpful to lessen the inflammation. Apply heat to your heel for 20 minutes two times daily with a heat pack. Cabbage leaves can also help you get rid of the heel spur pain. Place fresh green cabbage leaves over you heel and leave it on there for sometime. The pain and inflammation can also be eased by soaking your feet in chlorinated water. Bone spurs, or osteophytes, are protrusions of bone that occur along bone edges. Bone spurs that develop on the heel normally form where the heel bone meets connective tissue, explains MayoClinic.com. Although small bone spurs on the heel generally cause no symptoms, pain and loss of mobility typically increase over time. Heel spurs affects about 10 percent of the population, according to 2010 information from the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, and treatment depends on the severity of symptoms. Step 1 Night Splints – Night splints are worn to keep the heel stretched during sleep. They prevent the arch of the foot from becoming contracted at night, which reduces pain. As people approach their forties or fifties the poor foot function gives way to over-pronation resulting in excessive wear and tear of the feet, ankle and knee joints as well as the lower back. Mostly people accept these changes as normal signs of ageing, not realizing that the signs could be due to the fallen arches! Heel spur is a very common medical condition amongst men and women in their middle age. Heel spur is caused due a hook of bone being formed on the heel bone. It is characterized by intense heel pain. The heel pain does not occur due to the formation of the hook of bone. First line therapy for Achilles bursitis is rest, ice, heel lifts or heel cups and gentle stretching. Many patients require physical therapy and functional foot orthotics for complete relief of symptoms. Severe cases my even require a period of non-weight bearing casting or bracing prior to physical therapy in order to decrease the inflammation of the bursa. Chronic cases may even require more invasive therapy with extra corporeal shock wave therapy or injection of platelet rich plasma to jump start the healing process. Surgery is rarely needed unless bursitis is ignored for a significant period of time. The Necrotising Fasciitis Bacteria can be present in you without you knowing it is there or it can come into you through contact with somebody else. The bacteria enters the body and then starts to rapidly reproduce. Whilst reproducing it gives off toxins which destroy the soft tissue and the fascia. It causes this dead tissue to become gangrenous. This tissue must then be removed by surgery. Failure to diagnose the bateria can lead to large amounts of tissue becoming gangrenous and even sadly to death. Stretch your calve muscles 8 to 10 times or more throughout the day by placing your hands flat on the wall in front of you, then stepping back with one foot and pressing that heel to the ground. Do this slowly at first for three to four repetitions of 20 seconds each time. This allows the more elastic muscle to "give" rather than forcing the less elastic ligaments to have to pull and become even more irritated or damaged. Do this for both calves to help prevent future fasciitis in the other foot as well. Probably the number one cause of plantar fasciitis is lack of flexibility in the calf muscles. A journal article reports that people with inflexible calf muscles are 23 times more likely to get it. Since most people do not know if their calf muscles are inflexible compared to the rest of the population, this helps explain why the cause is a mystery to most people. Sciatic nerve problems (sciatica) usually cause pain in the buttocks and back of the upper thighs, but the pain may also appear very low in the back where the pinching of the nerve begins and in the heel area where the nerve ends. Heel spur is basically like a hook of the bone that develops on heel bone. An imaging or X-ray can point out protruding bone from the base of your feet at a junction where plantar fascia meets or is attached to heel hone. Heel spur causes could be many, but it causes immense pain, irritation and inflammation of plantar fascia too. Heel spur is usually one of the heel pain causes, but it might not be the sole cause. Often ties, the plantar fascia might be so irritated due to the wear and tear of micro ligaments and tissues that it can affect your heel bone directly.